North Dakota Energy Facts

 

  • The oil and natural gas industry supports more than 46,000 jobs in North Dakota contributing more than $6.5 billion to the state's economy.
  • North Dakota has the nation's third lowest employment rates at 2.9% (November, 2016).
  • The average salary in North Dakota's oil and natural gas industry is $101,357, almost double the statewide all-industry average of $52,079.
  • In 2014, North Dakota was the second largest crude oil-producing state in the nation and accounted for over 12.5% of total U.S. crude oil production; a 251% increase in production from 2010 to 2014 was primarily driven by horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing in the Bakken formation.
  • North Dakota had 5.5% of the nation’s recoverable coal reserves at producing mines as of 2013; the state’s coal production, which all came from surface mines, accounted for 2.8% of U.S. coal production in 2013.
  • Although North Dakota’s total energy consumption is among the lowest in the nation as a result of its small population, the state’s consumption per capita ranks among the highest, in part because of the energy-intensive industrial sector and high heating demand in winter. 
  • In 2014, 75% of North Dakota's net electricity generation came from coal, almost 17.5% came from wind energy, and about 7% came from conventional hydroelectric power sources.
  • North Dakota has abundant wind resources and ranked 6th in the nation in wind energy potential, 11th in utility-scale generation, and 11th in installed capacity in 2014.
  • The Williston Basin, including the prolific Bakken Shale formation, and several of the nation's largest oil fields are in North Dakota.
  • Natural gas was discovered in the state as early as 1892.
  • North Dakota is crossed by more than a dozen crude oil and petroleum product pipelines. The state is a U.S. entrance point for pipelines carrying Canadian crude oil. Some Canadian crude oil is transported via pipeline east to Midwest refining markets and south to Cushing, Oklahoma, and to Port Arthur, Texas. Producers in North Dakota ship about half of their crude oil by rail because oil production in the region has outpaced pipeline capacity.
  • Nationally, America’s oil and natural gas industry supports 10.3 million jobs throughout the economy and 7.6 percent, or $1.3 trillion, of GDP (2015).